Table 2

Baseline participant characteristics by study center*

MenWomen
CARRS-Chennai 
(N = 1,055)MASALA 
(N = 408)CARRS-Chennai 
(N = 1,250)MASALA 
(N = 349)
Age (years)51.2 (9.2)56.3 (10.0)49.7 (8.4)54.6 (8.7)
Education: Bachelor’s degree or higher11.093.13.887.4
Weight (kg)64.6 (12.6)74.2 (11.6)61.8 (11.9)64.0 (10.8)
Height (cm)163.1 (3.3)169.8 (4.1)150.1 (5.5)157.0 (5.9)
BMI (kg/m2)24.2 (4.3)25.9 (4.4)27.4 (4.9)26.0 (4.0)
Waist circumference (cm)88.8 (11.4)95.7 (9.2)84.2 (11.0)88.9 (9.7)
Log fasting glucose (mg/dL)§4.7 (0.3)4.6 (0.2)4.7 (0.3)4.5 (0.1)
Log 2-h glucose (mg/dL)4.7 (0.4)4.8 (0.3)4.7 (0.3)4.8 (0.3)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)131.0 (21.0)126.8 (14.7)127.5 (20.7)123.0 (17.0)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)85.4 (12.4)76.6 (8.7)83.3 (11.7)70.0 (9.8)
Use of blood pressure–lowering medication10.936.815.926.3
Self-reported diabetes diagnosis (%)66.970.174.556.8
Years since diagnosis6.4 (6.5)11.2 (10.1)6.0 (5.6)8.7 (6.3)
  • Data are mean (SD) or % unless otherwise indicated.

  • *Adjusted for age.

  • P < 0.01.

  • P < 0.0001.

  • §Log fasting glucose: men, CARRS-Chennai (N = 1,027), MASALA (N = 402); women, CARRS-Chennai (N = 1,215), MASALA (N = 345).

  • ‖Log 2-h glucose: men, CARRS-Chennai (N = 780), MASALA (N = 323); women, CARRS-Chennai (N = 894), MASALA (N = 294).