Table 1

Baseline risk factors of the subjects with and without incident diabetes

No diabetes (n = 6,170)Incident diabetes (n = 462)
Mean (SD)P*
Age (years)53.2 (11.0)57.3 (9.4)<0.001
Education (years)10.8 (4.0)9.4 (3.5)<0.001
Cholesterol (mmol/L)5.7 (1.0)5.9 (1.1)<0.001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.40 (0.36)1.21 (0.33)<0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/L)
 Determined1.48 (0.95)2.19 (1.30)<0.001
 Corrected for fasting time1.34 (0.85)2.01 (1.18)<0.001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.61 (0.91)3.81 (0.94)<0.001
G-GT (U/L)36.4 (58.6)58.1 (112)<0.001
CRP (mg/L)2.47 (5.17)4.57 (8.02)<0.001
Glucose (mmol/L)
 Determined (n = 5,691)5.06 (0.63)5.84 (1.92)<0.001
 Missing values replaced (n = 6,632)5.08 (0.51)5.59 (1.58)<0.001
Endotoxin (EU/mL)61.06 (36.11)77.03 (42.03)<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)26.7 (4.1)31.6 (5.2)<0.001
Waist (cm)89.0 (12.7)102.9 (13.3)<0.001
Waist-to-hip ratio0.87 (0.09)0.94 (0.09)<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)138.3 (20.4)148.3 (20.0)<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)83.8 (10.8)88.7 (11.5)<0.001
n (%)P§
Male2,962 (50.5)261 (60.1)<0.001
Female2,900 (49.5)173 (39.9)
Smoking
 Never3,321 (53.8)234 (50.6)0.374
 Former1,507 (24.4)117 (25.3)
 Current1,342 (21.8)111 (24.0)
Hypertensive3,080 (50.0)341 (73.8)<0.001
Family history of diabetes1,278 (20.7)129 (27.9)<0.001
Free-time physical inactivity1,271 (20.6)169 (36.6)<0.001
Metabolic syndrome (ATP-III)1,175 (20.1)269 (62.0)<0.001
Metabolic syndrome (IDF)1,455 (24.9)287 (66.1)<0.001
  • *t test.

  • †Log transformation before comparisons.

  • ‡Mean value of two measurements.

  • §χ2 test.