Table 1

Baseline characteristics, diet, and physical activity of the DPS participants by family history of type 2 diabetes

FH+FH−P value
N, men/women327, 95/231195, 76/119
Age, years55 (7)56 (7)0.012
Men, BMI kg/m230.1 (3.8)29.6 (3.3)0.365
Women, BMI kg/m232.1 (5.0)31.4 (4.3)0.185
Fasting glucose, mmol/L6.1 (0.7)6.2 (0.8)0.737
2-h glucose, mmol/L8.9 (1.4)8.9 (1.6)0.897
Fasting insulin, mU/L15 (7)14 (8)0.381
2-h insulin, mU/L96 (60)94 (73)0.282
HOMA-IR4.2 (2.3)4.0 (2.3)0.250
HOMA-B120 (67)115 (67)0.217
Drug treatment for hypertension, %28.830.40.692
CVD at baseline7.98.60.866
Energy intake, kcal/day1,788 (529)1,705 (511)0.079
Fat, E%36.6 (6.6)36.4 (6.6)0.724
Saturated fats, E%16.6 (4.2)16.5 (4.2)0.784
Carbohydrates, E%43.5 (6.9)43.2 (7.4)0.664
Protein, E%17.5 (3.5)17.8 (3.3)0.364
Dietary fiber, g/1,000 kcal11.6 (3.7)11.9 (4.4)0.305
Total LTPA, h/week6.6 (5.6)8.1 (6.5)0.007
Moderate-vigorous LTPA, h/week2.6 (3.0)2.9 (3.2)0.279
  • Means (SD) are shown for continuous variables. Boldface data indicate the significance of P value (P < 0.05 or less). CVD, cardiovascular disease; LTPA, leisure time physical activity.