Table 2

Association of vitamin D deficiency and presence of CAC at 3-year visit

ModelVitamin D deficiency (yes vs. no)
OR (95% CI)
Model 1: Adjusted for age, sex, and hours of daylight3.3 (1.6–7.0)
Model 1 + AER, vitamin D intake, and total calcium intake2.8 (1.1–7.0)
Model 1 + BMI, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides2.4 (1.1–5.3)
Model 1 + BMI, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, AER, vitamin D intake, and total calcium intake2.2 (0.8–5.8)