Table 1

Clinical and metabolic characteristics by quartiles of PAEE in adult Cameroonians (n = 552)

Quartiles of PAEEP
Q1Q2Q3Q4
PAEE (kJ/kg/day)25.8 ± 0.940.8 ± 0.954.9 ± 0.982.7 ± 0.9<0.001
Age (years)41.6 ± 0.738.7 ± 0.836.1 ± 0.737.7 ± 0.7<0.001
Education (years)12.6 ± 0.411.1 ± 0.410.1 ± 0.48.2 ± 0.4<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)28.0 ± 0.427.3 ± 0.425.3 ± 0.423.4 ± 0.4<0.001
WC (cm)93.3 ± 0.990.9 ± 0.986.8 ± 0.982.3 ± 0.9<0.001
Body fat (%)31.0 ± 0.930.0 ± 0.927.7 ± 0.923.7 ± 0.9<0.001
Diastolic BP (mmHg)81.8 ± 1.177.7 ± 1.074.0 ± 1.071.4 ± 1.0<0.001
Systolic BP (mmHg)129.1 ± 1.6124.3 ± 1.6119.7 ± 1.6117.1 ± 1.6<0.001
Fasting BG (mmol/L)5.0 ± 0.14.7 ± 0.14.6 ± 0.14.7 ± 0.10.01
2-h BG (mmol/L)6.5 ± 0.26.3 ± 0.26.2 ± 0.26.2 ± 0.20.1
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.23 ± 0.031.23 ± 0.031.25 ± 0.031.19 ± 0.030.4
Triglycerides (mmol/L)0.93 ± 0.040.83 ± 0.040.82 ± 0.040.80 ± 0.040.09
Fasting insulin (pmol/L)34.1 ± 2.835.9 ± 2.724.9 ± 2.717.7 ± 2.6<0.001
zMS (z-score)1.78 ± 0.270.65 ± 0.27−0.81 ± 0.27−1.77 ± 0.26<0.001
MS23 (20)17 (14)9 (7)6 (5)<0.001
  • Data are age-adjusted means ± SE or n (%).

  • P values for linear trend across quartiles of PAEE.

  • BG, blood glucose; BP, blood pressure; MS, metabolic syndrome; WC, waist circumference; zMS, clustered metabolic risk score.