Table 2

Independent associations between PAEE and metabolic syndrome in adult Cameroonians (n = 552)

Sex-specific PAEE quartilesMetabolic syndrome
Model 1* (P < 0.001)
 Q11.00
 Q20.63 (0.32–1.25)
 Q30.32 (0.14–0.73)
 Q40.19 (0.08–0.49)
Model 2 (P < 0.001)
 Q11.00
 Q20.67 (0.33–1.36)
 Q30.35 (0.15–0.82)
 Q40.20 (0.08–0.51)
Model 3 (P = 0.027)
 Q11.00
 Q20.87 (0.40–1.89)
 Q30.50 (0.20–1.24)
 Q40.33 (0.11–1.02)
  • Data are odds ratio or odds ratio (95% CI).

  • P values for linear trend across quartiles of PAEE.

  • *Unadjusted.

  • †Adjusted for age and sex.

  • ‡Adjusted for age, sex, residential area, smoking, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption, and number of years of education.