Table 1

Summary statistics and odds ratios (95% CI) for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (nmol/L) in unadjusted and adjusted models

SexAge (years)BMI category (kg/m2)
TotalMaleFemale20–3940–5960–6970+<18.518.5–<2525–<3030+
Sample size1,71189881372663716218635634622420
Mean6564.465.766.36463.563.166.069.565.258.0
(95% CI)(62.7–67.3)(62.1–66.6)(62.7–68.6)(63.7–68.9)(61.3–66.7)(59.0–68.1)(59.3–66.9)(57.8–74.2)(66.5–72.6)(62.7–67.8)(55.0–60.9)
nPreHTN (ref = normotension)PreDM (ref = normoglycemia)PreHTN and PreDM (ref = normotension/normoglycemia)
Model 1*
 Vitamin D
  ≤76.3 nmol/L1,2721.83(1.45–2.31)1.50(1.19–1.89)2.71(1.84–3.99)
  P value<0.00010.0006<0.0001
  >76.3 nmol/L4391.001.001.00
Model 2
 Vitamin D
  ≤76.3 nmol/L1,2721.61(1.23–2.10)1.33(1.01–1.75)2.41(1.36–4.25)
  P value0.00040.04310.0024
  >76.3 nmol/L4391.001.001.00
Age
 20–397261.001.001.00
 40–596371.77(1.41–2.22)2.28(1.72–3.01)2.55(1.68–3.87)
 P value<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001
 60–691624.90(3.28–7.32)4.55(3.08–6.73)10.21(5.02–20.77)
 P value<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001
 70+1863.49(1.98–6.15)5.21(3.49–7.78)12.28(4.61–32.71)
 P value<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001
Sex
 Female8131.001.001.00
 Male8982.41(1.86–3.13)3.00(2.54–3.54)4.80(3.25–7.08)
 P value<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001
BMI category
 <18.5350.68(0.21–2.2)1.31(0.42–4.10)1.73(0.49–6.14)
0.51980.64640.3983
 18.5–<256341.001.001.00
 25–<306221.26(0.97–1.65)2.04(1.62–2.56)2.35(1.55–3.57)
 P value0.0808<0.0001<0.0001
 30+4202.87(2.14–3.84)3.15(2.42–4.11)7.88(5.10–12.2)
 P value<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001
  • *Model 1 is unadjusted. Model 2 is adjusted for age categories, sex, and BMI category.