Table 1

Characteristics of preadolescents with type 1 diabetes and healthy control subjects

ParametersType 1 diabetic subjectsControl subjectsP
n2115
Age (years)8.3 ± 0.37.6 ± 0.30.118
Sex (% female)57.160.00.857
BMI z score0.52 ± 0.190.31 ± 0.370.588
Mean SBP (mmHg)97.4 ± 1.890.4 ± 3.20.053
Mean DBP (mmHg)58.1 ± 1.356.7 ± 1.70.510
FPG (mg/dL)173.4 ± 7.981.4 ± 1.7<0.0001*
HbA1c (%)8.0 ± 0.25.0 ± 0.1<0.0001*
Triglycerides (mg/dL)61.8 ± 7.364.0 ± 8.30.844
Cholesterol (mg/dL)168.6 ± 5.8160.9 ± 7.20.406
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)104.9 ± 6.5103.3 ± 5.60.861
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)51.4 ± 3.144.6 ± 2.20.108
Cholesterol–to–HDL cholesterol3.5 ± 0.23.7 ± 0.20.0056
hs-CRP (mg/L)1.8 ± 0.40.70 ± 0.200.036
Homocysteine (μmol/L)4.3 ± 0.303.9 ± 0.400.419
RBC folate (ng/mL)353.6 ± 13.5331.1 ± 19.00.327
Fibrinogen (mg/dL)313.0 ± 11.7301.8 ± 11.90.517
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *P < 0.0001;

  • P < 0.01;

  • P < 0.05.