Table 1

Characteristics of the children and their mothers

Children
Ethnicity78% AA (6 EA, 21 AA)
Sex44% male (12 male, 15 female)
Age (years)7.3 ± 1.5
Birth weight (g)3,362.7 ± 508.5
BMI percentile at time of testing*74.2 ± 25.9
Average daily total energy intake (kcals)1,567.5 ± 382.9
REE (kcals)1,078.0 ± 212.9
Time spent active (%)32.5 ± 9.7
Waist circumference (cm)61.5 ± 11.5
Hip circumference (cm)68.7 ± 10.3
Total fat mass (kg)9.5 ± 6.2
Total lean mass (kg)20.4 ± 4.7
Mothers
Age at delivery25.7 ± 6.5
GDM status30% GDM (8 GDM, 19 non–GDM)
1-h glucose concentration130.5 ± 34.5
Current BMI31.4 ± 7.4
  • *BMI percentiles are based reference data provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (20).

  • †Accelerometry available for 26 of 27 children.

  • AA, African American; EA, European American.