Table 1

Demographic and laboratory characteristics of the study sample

DKANo DKA
n (%)54 (10.5)462 (89.5)
Age (years)41 (30–48)48 (40–57)
Female (%)27.835.3
Race/ethnicity (%)
 Non-Hispanic white03.1
 African American16.713.6
 Hispanic79.280.2
 Asian4.22.6
 Other0.50
Admitted (%)95.235.9
Newly diagnosed diabetes (%)25.914.6
Insulin treated (%)56.644.5
Venous pH7.19 (7.10–7.25)7.39 (7.36–7.41)
β-OHB (mmol/L)0.3 (0.2–1.2)4.9 (3.7–5.6)
HCO3 (mmol/L)8 (6–11)23 (21–26)
Glucose (mg/dL)678 (448–955)409 (328–409)
Anion gap (mmol/L)29 (26–34)13 (11–17)
Positive urine dipstick ketones (%)98.164.9
  • Data are median (interquartile range), unless otherwise indicated.