Table 1

Demographic characteristics and biochemical parameters of the prediabetic and diabetic subjects

Isolated IFGIsolated IGTIFG/IGTNew diabetes
n (%)131 (3.4)625 (16.1)102 (2.6)487 (12.6)
Age (years)50.41 ± 13.4349.75 ± 13.9850.44 ± 11.4852.70 ± 12.78*
Sex (%)
 Male66 (50.4)164 (26.2)29 (28.4)151 (31.0)
 Female65 (49.6)461 (73.8)73 (71.6)336 (69.0)
Waist circumference (cm)
 Male90.92 ± 10.4790.98 ± 12.3092.32 ± 10.1193.47 ± 12.86
 Female85.04 ± 11.8885.88 ± 12.7690.73 ± 12.99#90.00 ± 12.41*
BMI (kg/m2)26.31 ± 4.5026.84 ± 5.4228.32 ± 5.64#28.02 ± 5.62*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)137.24 ± 22.43134.62 ± 23.60140.98 ± 23.46140.54 ± 23.43*
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)79.79 ± 12.3080.63 ± 11.3282.02 ± 11.1583.45 ± 12.35*
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)6.41 ± 0.245.04 ± 0.706.43 ± 0.248.22 ± 3.26*
2-HPP (mmol/L)6.31 ± 1.058.97 ± 0.869.09 ± 0.8313.87 ± 5.49*
A1C (%)5.48 ± 0.815.45 ± 0.495.57 ± 0.416.72 ± 1.95*
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)6.15 ± 1.305.82 ± 1.266.04 ± 1.226.19 ± 1.33
HDL (mmol/L)1.36 ± 0.321.38 ± 0.391.33 ± 0.371.34 ± 0.37
LDL (mmol/L)3.76 ± 1.043.70 ± 1.143.75 ± 1.023.86 ± 1.22
Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.72 ± 1.181.60 ± 1.041.60 ± 1.012.01 ± 1.52*
Uric acid (mmol/L)380.20 ± 124.55325.27 ± 101.46349.83 ± 86.51334.21 ± 97.66
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).

  • *P < 0.05 between IFG and new diabetes.

  • P < 0.05 between IFG and IFG/IGT.

  • P < 0.05 between IGT and new diabetes.

  • #P < 0.05 between IGT and IFG/IGT. 2-HPP, 2-h postprandial.