Table 1

Clinical profiles of 47 type 1 diabetic and 20 nondiabetic participants

NondiabeticP value: DM− vs. DM PE−Diabetic
No PE (PE−)P value: DM PE− vs. DM PE+PE (PE+)
N202423
Age (years)31.7 ± 4.60.1729.9 ± 3.80.3128.5 ± 5.6
BMI (kg/m2)23.6 ± 3.70.4124.6 ± 4.10.02528.0 ± 5.8
Alcohol use (%)
None11*0.55250.3918
Stopped during pregnancy685868
Smoking (%)
No100*0.55880.6991
Quit because of pregnancy045
First pregnancy (%)550.57750.2676
Gravida (n)1.7 ± 1.00.241.3 ± 0.70.991.3 ± 0.7
Para (n)0.5 ± 0.90.180.2 ± 0.50.910.2 ± 0.5
Abortus (n)0.2 ± 0.40.860.1 ± 0.30.910.1 ± 0.4
Age at diabetes onset (years)15 ± 80.06512 ± 6
Duration of diabetes (years)15 ± 70.3217 ± 7
HbA1c (%)5.3 ± 0.3<0.00016.7 ± 1.00.137.3 ± 1.2
Blood pressure (mmHg)
Systolic112 ± 90.35109 ± 100.27113 ± 12
Diastolic67 ± 80.2464 ± 80.2767 ± 9
Microalbumin (mg/dL)0.47 ± 0.170.580.43 ± 0.200.121.03 ± 1.78
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)187 ± 260.22176 ± 340.54182 ± 28
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)81 ± 220.6384 ± 180.03574 ± 14
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)88 ± 300.2277 ± 280.1091 ± 28
Triglycerides (mg/dL)94 ± 340.07675 ± 310.1787 ± 24
Gestational age (weeks)
Visit 112.6 ± 1.70.5612.3 ± 1.70.9812.3 ± 2.1
Visit 221.5 ± 1.20.9721.4 ± 1.20.1522.1 ± 1.7
Visit 331.2 ± 1.10.8031.3 ± 1.50.3931.7 ± 1.7
Term39.2 ± 1.50.01338.0 ± 1.40.03637.2 ± 1.2
  • Values are means ± SD. Measurements refer to visit 1 unless otherwise indicated. P values < 0.05 are denoted in boldface.

  • *For these data, P value refers to combined percentage (i.e., “none” and “stopped during pregnancy,” or “no” and “quit because of pregnancy”).