Table 1

Characteristics of subjects at examination cycle 7 (1998–2001)

CharacteristicWomenMen
n1,3111,128
Age (years)61 ± 961 ± 9
High-school degree97.395.5
Current cigarette smoking12.811.9
Systolic blood pressure125 ± 20127 ± 17
ApoE422.822.6
Plasma homocysteine (μmol/L)7.7 ± 2.59.1 ± 4.1
CRP (mg/L)4.5 ± 5.43.7 ± 6.8
IL-6 (pg/mL)3.8 ± 4.54.0 ± 5.8
Diabetes7.213.3
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)99 ± 22108 ± 29
HbA1c (%)5.6 ± 0.85.7 ± 1.1
HOMA-IR (mmol/L × µU/mL)3.9 ± 3.75.0 ± 4.2
Fasting insulin (μU/mL)15.6 ± 12.518.7 ± 14.2
Time interval (years)
 Examination 7 to MRI0.8 ± 0.80.8 ± 0.9
 Examination 7 to cognitive test0.8 ± 0.90.8 ± 0.9
  • Continuous data are presented as mean ± SD; categoric data as percentages.