Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study subjects used in cross-sectional and prospective analyses

Cross-sectional analysesProspective analyses
Characteristic of all subjects
n989725
 Women50.051.7
 BMI ≥30 kg/m222.120.1
 Current smokers10.59.0
 Moderate or vigorous exercise25.128.5
 BMI (kg/m2)27.0 ± 4.326.9 ± 4.0
 Alcohol consumption (grams per week)6.3 ± 7.26.6 ± 7.5
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.3 ± 1.65.5 ± 1.0
 Fasting triglycerides (mmol/L)1.3 ± 0.61.2 ± 0.6
 Fasting blood glucose (mmol/L)5.3 ± 1.64.9 ± 0.5
Clinical features of diabetes cases*
n11236
 Duration of diabetes (years)6.0 ± 6.10.7 ± 1.4
 BMI (kg/m2)29.1 ± 5.329.0 ± 5.6
 Oral antidiabetes medication53.630.6
 Insulin medication16.111.1
 Newly diagnosed diabetes43.836.1
 Family history of diabetes42.538.6
 Antihypertensive drug medication58.077.8
 Statin medication27.736.1
  • Data are means ± SD or percent. Prospective analyses omitted prevalent diabetes at baseline as well as participants who were not followed up.

  • *Even though characteristics of all subjects for prospective analyses were baseline characteristics at age 70 years, clinical features of incident diabetes cases were follow-up information at age 75 years.