Table 1

Characteristics of older adults with diabetes completing the HRQL questionnaire in the DISTANCE survey (n = 6,317)*

Age (years)67.1 ± 4.7
Female3,079 (49)
Race/ethnicity
 White1,811 (29)
 Black1,196 (19)
 Hispanic937 (15)
 Asian1,453 (23)
 Multiracial699 (11)
 Other161 (3)
Married or partnered4,333 (69)
Some college education or more1,874 (30)
Income ≥$100,000699 (11)
No smoking history3,198 (51)
No alcohol history1,771 (28)
High physical activity2,382 (38)
Diabetes duration (years)11.7 ± 9.6
Type 2 diabetes6,088 (96)
Self-monitoring of blood glucose5,235 (83)
Insulin use1,397 (22)
Obesity2,523 (40)
Any geriatric syndrome2,855 (45)
 Chronic pain2,593 (41)
 Depression464 (7)
 Fall84 (1)
 Underweight36 (1)
 Urinary incontinence97 (2)
Any diabetes complication1,874 (30)
 Amputation14 (0.2)
 Blindness23 (0.4)
 CHF196 (3)
 ESRD130 (2)
 Foot ulcer271 (4)
 MI135 (2)
 Peripheral neuropathy1,593 (25)
 Stroke40 (1)
 Hypoglycemia42 (1)
HRQL
 Physical45.1 ± 10.4
 Mental51.0 ± 8.7
  • *Data are reported as mean ± SD or n (%).