Table 3

LPS/HDL quartiles in type 1 diabetic patients with normal albumin excretion

LPS/HDL quartiles
Quartile 1Quartile 2Quartile 3Quartile 4
Variable<29.029.0–37.237.2–50.5>50.5
N (male/female)145 (34/111)148 (61/87)147 (79/68)147 (83/64)
Age (years)48 (40–57)47 (39–54)44 (36–55)39 (31–47)*
Age at onset (years)19 (11–28)16 (10–25)17 (10–26)13 (9–21)*
Duration of diabetes (years)29 ± 1329 ± 1227 ± 1325 ± 10
HbA1c (%)7.3 ± 1.67.6 ± 1.27.7 ± 1.27.9 ± 0.9*
BMI (kg/m2)24.4 ± 3.025.5 ± 3.525.7 ± 4.026.9 ± 5.5*
Waist (cm)
 Male89 ± 992 ± 1093 ± 1096 ± 11
 Female80 ± 983 ± 1083 ± 1190 ± 13*
Blood pressure (mmHg)
 Systolic137 ± 20136 ± 17137 ± 17135 ± 15
 Diastolic76 ± 1077 ± 878 ± 981 ± 9*
eGDR (mg/kg/min)7.4 ± 2.37.0 ± 2.36.4 ± 2.3*6.1 ± 2.3*
Cholesterol (mmol/L)4.7 ± 0.74.6 ± 0.74.6 ± 0.84.8 ± 0.9
Triglycerides (mmol/L)0.7 (0.6–0.8)0.8 (0.7–0.9)1.0 (0.8–1.2)*1.4 (1.2–1.8)*
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)
 Male2.1 ± 0.51.6 ± 0.2*1.4 ± 0.2*1.1 ± 0.2*
 Female2.0 ± 0.41.7 ± 0.2*1.5 ± 0.3*1.4 ± 0.3*
apoA1 (mg/dL)161 ± 33145 ± 31*142 ± 29*136 ± 29*
apoB (mg/dL)64 ± 1470 ± 13*77 ± 16*88 ± 22*
Nonesterified fatty acids (mmol/L)227 (134–455)191 (123–378)200 (128–328)240 (167–385)
CRP (mg/L)0.7 (0.3–1.6)0.7 (0.3–1.4)1.0 (0.4–2.1)1.2 (0.4–3.5)
Serum creatinine (µmol/L)
 Male72 ± 1277 ± 1278 ± 1376 ± 11
 Female67 ± 1164 ± 1064 ± 1268 ± 12
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2)97 (84–108)100 (92–109)103 (93–115)106 (93–115)*
uMCP1/uCreat (pg/mL/µmol/L)13 (8–23)14 (9–23)15 (9–25)16 (10–30)
Metabolic syndrome (%)223842*69*
Medication
 Antihypertension (%)35263332
 Lipid-lowering (%)23162126
Smoking (%)10131825
  • Continuous values are presented as median (interquartile range) or mean ± SD.

  • All values compared with quartile 1.

  • *P ≤ 0.001,

  • P ≤ 0.05.