Table 4

Differences in HRQL scores associated with the presence versus absence of self-reported individual geriatric syndromes, diabetes complications, and hypoglycemia in older adults with diabetes (n = 6,317)*

Physical HRQLMental HRQL
Variablen (%)β-Coefficient (95% CI)Pβ-Coefficient (95% CI)P
Any geriatric syndrome2,340 (37)−10.1 (−10.6 to −9.7)<0.001−3.2 (−3.7 to −2.7)<0.001
Chronic pain2,116 (33)−10.3 (−10.8 to −9.8)<0.001−2.4 (−2.9 to −1.9)<0.001
Depression210 (3)−10.3 (−11.7 to −8.8)<0.001−17.3 (−18.4 to −16.1)<0.001
Urinary incontinence241 (8)−7.3 (−8.7 to −5.9)<0.001−4.6 (−5.9 to −3.3)<0.001
Any diabetes complication1,624 (26)−5.8 (−6.4 to −5.3)<0.001−2.0 (−2.5 to −1.5)<0.001
Peripheral neuropathy1,225 (19)−5.8 (−6.5 to −5.2)<0.001−2.1 (−2.6 to −1.5)<0.001
Hypoglycemia635 (10)−4.1 (−5.1 to −3.2)<0.001−2.7 (−3.5 to −1.9)<0.001
  • *Specified exposures of interest were identified using DISTANCE survey data.

  • †Individual exposures of interest were modeled in exposure-specific models. All models were adjusted for sex, age, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, income, smoking/alcohol history, physical activity, diabetes duration, diabetes treatment, self-monitoring of glucose, and obesity.

  • ‡Urinary incontinence was measured only in female respondents.