Table 3

Differences in HRQL associated with the presence vs. the absence of the pooled exposures of geriatric syndromes and diabetes complications and hypoglycemia in older adults with diabetes (n = 6,317)*

Physical HRQLMental HRQL
Variableβ-Coefficient (95% CI)Pβ-Coefficient (95% CI)P
Any geriatric syndrome−5.3 (−5.8 to −4.8)<0.001−2.1 (−2.6 to −1.6)<0.001
Any diabetes complication−3.5 (−4.0 to −2.9)<0.001−1.0 (−1.5 to −0.5)<0.001
Hypoglycemia−2.5 (−5.7 to 0.8)0.14−4.0 (−7.0 to −1.1)0.008
  • *Two pooled exposure variables (one for any geriatric syndrome, one for any diabetes complication) and hypoglycemia were modeled simultaneously. All models were adjusted for sex, age, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, income, smoking/alcohol history, physical activity, diabetes duration, diabetes treatment, self-monitoring of glucose, and obesity.

  • †Among sociodemographics, health behaviors, and diabetes–related factors, income category <$15,000 vs. ≥$100,000 was associated with lower physical (−4.2 [95% CI −5.4 to −3.0], P < 0.001) and mental HRQL (−4.6 [−5.7 to −3.4], P < 0.001). Insufficient physical activity vs. highly active (−4.4 [−5.0 to −3.9], P < 0.001) and obesity vs. not (−3.4 [−3.9 to −2.8], P < 0.001) were associated with lower physical HRQL. All other covariates were associated with differences in HRQL <3 points.