Table 2

Differences in HRQL scores associated with the presence versus absence of individual geriatric syndromes, diabetes complications, and hypoglycemia (n = 6,317)*

Physical HRQLMental HRQL
Variableβ-Coefficient (95% CI)Pβ-Coefficient (95% CI)P
Any geriatric syndrome−5.9 (−6.5 to −5.4)<0.001−2.4 (−2.8 to −1.9)<0.001
Chronic pain−5.6 (−6.1 to −5.0)<0.001−1.4 (−1.9 to −0.9)<0.001
Depression−4.9 (−5.8 to −4.0)<0.001−7.9 (−8.7 to −7.2)<0.001
Fall−6.3 (−8.6 to −4.1)<0.001−3.6 (−5.5 to −1.6)<0.001
Underweight−5.0 (−9.8 to −0.2)0.04−5.6 (−9.7 to −1.4)0.008
Urinary incontinence−3.1 (−5.1 to −1.1)0.002−0.7 (−2.4 to 1.0)0.43
Any diabetes complication−4.5 (−5.1 to −4.0)<0.001−1.5 (−2.0 to −1.0)<0.001
Amputation−9.8 (−13.9 to −5.8)<0.001−5.5 (−9.0 to −2.0)0.002
Blindness1.4 (−3.6 to 6.3)0.590.3 (−3.9 to 4.6)0.87
CHF−7.2 (−8.7 to −5.8)<0.001−4.0 (−5.3 to −2.7)<0.001
ESRD−4.6 (−7.2 to −2.1)<0.001−1.2 (−3.4 to 1.1)0.31
Foot ulcer−4.8 (−6.1 to −3.6)<0.001−2.8 (−3.9 to −1.7)<0.001
MI−5.3 (−7.0 to −3.5)<0.001−1.4 (−2.9 to 0.1)0.08
Peripheral neuropathy−4.4 (−5.0 to −3.8)<0.001−1.3 (−1.8 to −0.7)<0.001
Stroke−4.7 (−7.6 to −1.8)0.002−1.4 (−4.0 to 1.1)0.27
Hypoglycemia−4.7 (−8.2 to −1.3)<0.001−5.0 (−8.0 to −2.0)0.001
  • *Exposures of interest were modeled in exposure-specific models. All models were adjusted for sex, age, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, income, smoking/alcohol history, physical activity, diabetes duration, diabetes treatment, self-monitoring of glucose, and obesity.