Table 2

Age-adjusted prevalence (95% CI) and changes of cardiovascular risk factors among Thai adults aged ≥20 years with diabetes by sex between 2004 and 2009

MenWomen
20042009% Change from 200420042009% Change from 2004
n1,8248952,4391,177
Diabetes6.3 (5.2–7.2)6.4 (5.5–7.3)2.17.6 (6.8–8.4)8.1 (7.4–8.8)5.5
Hypertension46.3 (40.6–51.9)41.5 (37.1–46.0)−10.247.6 (43.2–52.0)47.1 (42.1–52.1)−1.0
High total cholesterol (≥6.2 mmol/L or treated)30.6 (25.0–36.2)36.4 (31.0–41.9)18.834.4 (28.5–40.3)48.6 (43.6–53.6)41.3*
High total cholesterol (≥5.2 mmol/L or treated)57.2 (47.5–66.9)57.3 (51.6–63.0)0.260.1 (52.8–67.3)74.2 (69.1–79.2)23.5*
High LDL cholesterol (≥2.6 mmol/L or treated)NA76.1 (70.6–81.6)NANA86.4 (83.3–89.6)NA
BMI 23 to <25 kg/m219.0 (15.7–22.8)20.3 (15.2–26.4)6.619.1 (16.2–22.4)18.3 (14.5–22.9)−3.9
BMI ≥25 kg/m245.1 (37.6–52.6)49.7 (44.0–55.5)10.156.3 (50.6–61.9)63.8 (58.4–69.2)13.2
Abdominal obesity38.9 (32.5–45.3)40.3 (35.7–45.0)3.666.7 (60.8–72.5)78.6 (74.7–82.6)18.0*
Current regular smoker41.6 (36.5–46.6)45.1 (38.6–51.6)8.62.6 (1.4–3.8)1.9 (0.8–3.0)−26.2
  • Abdominal obesity: waist circumference ≥90 cm for men and ≥80 cm for women. NA, not applicable.

  • *P < 0.05.