Table 1

Mean (SD) scores on the PedsQL, CDI (youth aged ≤15 years), and BDI (youth aged ≥16 years), and percent scoring at or above the cutoff score for “serious level of depressive symptoms” on each inventory and for combined CDI and BDI by racial/ethnic group and by sex

PedsQL (all ages)CDI (aged 10–15 years)BDI (aged ≥16 years)CDI ≥13 or BDI ≥14 (%)
NMean (SD)NMean (SD)≥13 (%)NMean (SD)≥14 (%)
Total68980.02 (12.04)5137.08 (6.36)14.81746.36 (7.55)14.914.8
Race/ethnicity
 American Indian4278.23 (13.17)286.50 (7.62)14.3157.87 (7.11)13.314.0
 Black non-Hispanic21779.58 (12.35)1667.02 (5.79)15.1506.02 (7.21)14.014.8
 Hispanic28280.54 (11.33)2137.38 (6.13)15.0687.40 (8.69)20.616.4
 White non-Hispanic13780.09 (12.44)976.68 (7.41)14.4384.21 (5.29)5.311.9
 Asian non-Hispanic1181.25 (15.08)97.22 (6.22)11.138.00 (10.44)33.316.7
P value*0.630.770.990.170.200.68
Sex
 Female45079.49 (12.13)3517.19 (6.65)15.11018.27 (8.79)22.816.8
 Male23981.01 (11.83)1626.85 (5.68)14.2733.71 (4.18)4.111.1
P value0.110.580.79<0.001<0.0010.044
  • *P values across racial/ethnic groups were computed without Asian non-Hispanic because of the small sample size.