Table 1

Characteristics of the participants by categories of 2-h plasma glucose concentration (mg/dL) during the OGTT

VariableCategories by OGTT 2-h plasma glucose concentrationP ANOVA
<120120 to <140140 to <160160 to <200≥200
n4531332315
Sex (male/female)17/2812/1913/206/176/9NS
Ethnicity (black/white/biracial)21/22/212/17/212/21/06/16/19/6/0NS
PCOS20/2813/1915/207/174/9NS
Age (years)14.9 ± 0.314.7 ± 0.314.4 ± 0.415.2 ± 0.415.2 ± 0.7NS
Tanner stages II and III75623NS
Tanner stages IV and V3826272112NS
Height (cm)165.6 ± 1.6164.9 ± 1.2164.3 ± 1.4164.0 ± 2.0164.1 ± 3.0NS
Weight (kg)98.2 ± 3.695.6 ± 2.598.9 ± 3.798.8 ± 4.1102.3 ± 6.7NS
BMI (kg/m2)35.4 ± 1.135.1 ± 0.936.5 ± 1.136.6 ± 1.337.5 ± 1.6NS
BMI percentile97.8 ± 0.497.9 ± 0.398.8 ± 0.298.7 ± 0.299.2 ± 0.20.021
Fat mass (kg)41.0 ± 2.241.3 ± 1.641.8 ± 2.043.5 ± 2.338.0 ± 3.1NS
Percentage body fat43.1 ± 1.144.0 ± 0.943.7 ± 0.944.9 ± 1.042.6 ± 1.4NS
Waist circumference (cm)107.7 ± 3.0101.6 ± 2.6107.4 ± 2.6105.7 ± 3.2113.2 ± 4.7NS
Visceral fat (cm2)66.2 ± 5.3a82.0 ± 8.274.3 ± 4.987.0 ± 6.5100.2 ± 14.3a0.031
Subcutaneous abdominal fat (cm2)526.8 ± 34.6480.6 ± 25.9542.7 ± 29.1566.0 ± 30.9529.4 ± 41.8NS
Total abdominal fat (cm2)586.9 ± 36.4572.9 ± 30.3617.0 ± 32.2653.0 ± 35.6629.6 ± 48.0NS
Percentage visceral fat11.8 ± 0.815.6 ± 1.712.2 ± 0.613.3 ± 0.716.3 ± 1.80.022
Percentage subcutaneous fat88.2 ± 0.884.4 ± 1.787.8 ± 0.686.7 ± 0.783.7 ± 1.80.022
  • Data are means ± SE. Groups with the same letter differ significantly (P < 0.05). NS, not significant.