Table 1

Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics for the Project Dulce peer-education and control groups

DemographicsProject Dulce peer-education groupControl groupP
n104103
Age (years) [means (SD)]52.2 (9.6)49.2 (11.8)0.05
Sex
 Female69 (66.3)77 (74.8)
 Male35 (33.7)26 (25.2)0.18
Marital status
 Married50 (48.1)53 (51.4)
 Unmarried54 (51.9)50 (48.6)0.89
Country of origin
 Mexico89 (85.6)92 (89.3)
 U.S.9 (8.6)9 (8.7)
 Other6 (5.8)2 (1.9)0.36
Education
 Less than eighth-grade education57 (54.8)51 (49.5)
 Eighth-grade education or higher47 (45.2)52 (51.5)0.18
Insurance coverage
 Insured34 (32.7)36 (35.0)
 Uninsured70 (67.3)67 (65.0)0.76
Household monthly income
 <$1,000 per month48 (46.2)55 (53.4)
 $1,001 to $1,999 per month42 (40.4)36 (35.0)
 ≥$2,000 per month14 (13.4)12 (11.6)0.23
Clinical values [means (SD)]
 HbA1c (%)10.5 (1.7)10.3 (1.7)0.31
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL)197.0 (54.3)194.1 (43.7)0.68
 HDL (mg/dL)45.7 (11.6)45.1 (11.1)0.72
 LDL (mg/dL)109.6 (42.6)109.4 (38.4)0.97
 Triglycerides (mg/dL)210.4 (134.3)205.2 (95.6)0.75
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)123.9 (15.5)121.2 (17.5)0.24
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)74.8 (7.7)75.1 (7.9)0.78
 BMI (kg/m2)30.9 (6.3)32.14 (5.9)0.13
  • Data are n (%), unless otherwise indicated. Data are based on all individuals who completed a baseline assessment (N = 207). Education and income categories were collapsed for ease of presentation.