Table 1

Parameters at baseline and after 3 months

Yoga group (n = 60)Control group (n = 63)P
BaselineAfter 3 monthsChange at 3 monthsBaselineAfter 3 monthsChange at 3 months
FPG (mmol/L)8.1 ± 2.67.3 ± 2.3−0.8 ± 0.38.6 ± 3.19.0 ± 3.00.4 ± 0.1<0.001
PPPG (mmol/L)12.0 ± 4.010.9 ± 3.6−1.1 ± 0.412.3 ± 5.112.6 ± 4.70.3 ± 0.4<0.03
HbA1c (%)8.4 ± 1.38.3 ± 1.5−0.1 ± 0.28.0 ± 1.58.5 ± 1.80.5 ± 0.3<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)25.9 ± 3.525.4 ± 3.4−0.5 ± 0.125.3 ± 3.925.5 ± 4.10.3 ± 0.2<0.001
Waist circumference (cm)92.9 ± 9.592.7 ± 9.4−0.2 ± 0.190.5 ± 9.890.0 ± 9.1−0.5 ± 0.70.903
Waist-to-hip ratio0.93 ± 0.080.91 ± 0.07−0.02 ± 0.010.93 ± 0.060.93 ± 0.050.0 ± 0.010.080
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)137.8 ± 17.9133.3 ± 13.8−4.5 ± 4.1139.6 ± 21.0138.0 ± 15.4−1.6 ± 5.60.166
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)82.8 ± 9.379.8 ± 7.4−3.0 ± 1.984.1 ± 9.983.9 ± 8.5−0.2 ± 1.40.072
Malondialdehyde (μmol/L)53.0 ± 11.342.2 ± 9.9−10.8 ± 1.450.7 ± 9.352.3 ± 10.91.6 ± 1.6<0.001
Glutathione (μmol/gmHb)7.5 ± 2.68.3 ± 2.50.8 ± 0.17.1 ± 3.66.3 ± 2.4−0.8 ± 1.2<0.001
Vitamin C (μmol/L)29.0 ± 27.837.0 ± 21.08.0 ± 6.830.0 ± 29.023.8 ± 18.2−6.2 ± 10.8<0.002
Vitamin E (μmol/L)58.0 ± 18.659.7 ± 23.91.7 ± 5.359.7 ± 24.258.0 ± 23.5−1.7 ± 0.70.238
Superoxide dismutase (units/gmHb)5,669.9 ± 1,410.75,249.0 ± 1,247.2−420.9 ± 163.55,691.6 ± 1,641.45,593.1 ± 1,768.0−98.5 ± 126.60.121
  • Data are means ± SD. P values are significance values in yoga group compared with the control group.