Table 2

Results from neurocognitive tests

Type 1 diabetesControlPCohen d effect size
Sample size3334
Age (years)19.3 ± 0.519.5 ± 0.50.781
WISC-IV and WAIS-IV
 Full-scale IQ100.7 ± 2.0102.5 ± 1.40.466−0.18
 Verbal comprehension index100.6 ± 2.0100.7 ± 1.70.971−0.01
 Perceptual reasoning index100.3 ± 2.0102.1 ± 1.60.504−0.17
 Working memory index100.9 ± 2.4101.4 ± 1.90.862−0.04
 Processing speed index101.0 ± 2.2104.8 ± 2.30.235−0.29
WMS-IV
 Auditory memory index102.6 ± 3.0103.4 ± 2.10.825−0.05
 Immediate memory index101.0 ± 3.0102.2 ± 2.30.757−0.08
 Delayed memory index99.9 ± 3.2103.0 ± 2.50.368−0.19
CCFIT
 CCFIT IQ109.5 ± 2.3117.8 ± 2.90.028*−0.53
WCST
 Perseverative errors19.2 ± 2.111.1 ± 1.30.002*0.74
 Completed categories4.8 ± 0.35.6 ± 0.20.022*−0.58
YSR and ASR
 Internalizing behaviors53.3 ± 1.352.0 ± 1.60.5340.15
 Externalizing behaviors48.8 ± 1.650.9 ± 1.70.389−0.22
 YSR/ASR total50.4 ± 1.450.5 ± 1.40.947−0.01
BDI-II
 BDI-II total5.3 ± 1.05.8 ± 0.90.762−0.09
STAI and STAI-C
 State total33.6 ± 1.633.4 ± 1.30.9090.02
 Trait total34.0 ± 1.434.8 ± 1.50.737−0.10
  • Data are mean ± SE. *Significant results.