Table 2

Mean results of fasting blood glucose, time within normal range of blood glucose, peak blood glucose excursion, 3-h glucose iAUC, time to peak, and fasting blood glucose level for each testing condition

Test conditionsFasting blood glucose level (mmol/L)Time within blood glucose level normal range (4 – 10 mmol/L) (min)Glucose 3-h iAUC (mmol × min/L)Peak blood glucose excursion (mmol/L)Time to peak blood glucose level (min)Time to fasting blood glucose level (min)
Meal B (the novel FIIalgorithm)8.3 ± 2.8128 ± 57197 ± 2202.4 ± 1.959 ± 28118 ± 55
Meal B (carbohydrate counting)8.1 ± 2.788 ± 69*409 ± 3734.1 ± 3.197 ± 56158 ± 41*
Meal A (carbohydrate counting)7.5 ± 2.2108 ± 46275 ± 2244.0 ± 2.859 ± 27118 ± 52
One-way repeated-measures ANOVA (P)0.410.0250.0150.0090.0010.001
  • Data are means ± SD. n = 28 adults with type 1 diabetes. Data after treated hypoglycemic episodes did not form part of the analysis. Post hoc comparisons for significant variables used least significant differences.

  • *Highly significantly different (P < 0.01) when compared with result for meal B using the novel insulin dose algorithm.

  • †Statistically different (P < 0.05).