Table 1

Age-standardized means and percentages (SE) of cardiovascular risk factors in Thai adults aged ≥20 years: NHES IV 2009

Normal fasting glucose levelIFGUndiagnosed diabetesDiagnosed diabetesP
Men (n = 8,803)
 n6,6581,250305590
 Age (years)44.3 (0.3)49.5 (0.3)50.9 (0.7)57.3 (0.7)<0.001
 FPG (mmol/L)4.6 (0.1)6.0 (0.1)8.9 (0.2)9.0 (0.4)<0.001
 BMI (kg/m2)23.1 (0.1)24.6 (0.2)24.2 (0.2)26.8 (0.3)<0.001
 Waist circumference (cm)79.4 (0.3)84.8 (0.5)84.7 (0.6)91.8 (0.8)<0.001
 SBP (mmHg)122.8 (0.4)131.6 (0.7)132.3 (1.6)133.3 (1.6)<0.001
 DBP (mmHg)76.5 (0.3)81.8 (0.5)82.6 (0.9)81.3 (0.8)<0.001
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.2 (0.1)5.6 (0.1)5.6 (0.1)5.3 (0.1)0.001
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.2 (0.01)1.2 (0.01)1.1 (0.02)1.0 (0.01)<0.001
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.2 (0.03)3.4 (0.04)3.1(0.1)3.1 (0.1)<0.001
 Triglyceride (mmol/L)1.9 (0.04)2.2 (0.1)3.4 (0.4)2.6 (0.1)<0.001
 Current smoking (%)49.2 (1.1)40.6 (2.0)61.0 (3.5)38.9 (3.5)0.001
 Secondary school education or higher (%)38.7 (1.5)34.0 (2.1)27.4 (3.5)35.0 (2.8)0.001
 Family history of diabetes (%)24.0 (1.0)32.1 (2.0)33.1 (3.9)59.3 (3.3)<0.001
Women (n = 9,826)
 n7,5321,117263914
 Age (years)44.7 (0.2)52.8 (0.4)53.9 (1.0)57.1 (0.4)<0.001
 FPG (mmol/L)4.6 (0.03)6.0 (0.1)9.3 (0.2)8.5 (0.2)<0.001
 BMI (kg/m2)24.3 (0.1)26.6 (0.2)27.1 (0.7)26.9 (0.3)<0.001
 Waist circumference (cm)78.3 (0.3)84.6 (0.6)87.6 (1.6)87.6 (0.6)<0.001
 SBP (mmHg)119.2 (0.3)128.0 (0.8)132.4 (1.7)131.1 (1.3)<0.001
 DBP (mmHg)73.7 (0.1)78.6 (0.5)80.1 (0.8)78.4 (0.6)<0.001
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.4 (0.1)5.8 (0.1)6.0 (0.17)5.6 (0.1)<0.001
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.3 (0.01)1.2 (0.02)1.2 (0.03)1.2 (0.01)<0.001
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.4 (0.03)3.6 (0.05)3.8 (0.1)3.4 (0.04)<0.001
 Triglyceride (mmol/L)1.5 (0.03)1.9 (0.05)2.2 (0.1)2.2 (0.1)<0.001
 Current smoking (%)2.8 (0.2)6.0 (1.4)2.4 (0.7)2.3 (0.6)0.001
 Secondary school education or higher (%)32.2 (1.2)19.8 (1.6)20.5 (3.8)13.6 (1.6)0.001
 Family history of diabetes (%)24.1 (1.0)35.6 (2.0)47.2 (5.3)65.4 (2.4)<0.001