Table 1

Demographic and baseline variables in the whole study sample and across the group of patients belonging to the top HOMA-IR tertile and remaining tertiles

VariablesAll (n = 109)Upper tertile (n = 38)Rest of tertiles (n = 71)P value
Sex, female (%)47 (43.1)18 (47.4)29 (40.8)0.512
Age (years)71.0 ± 11.370.57 ± 12.4971.23 ± 10.760.774
Smoking (%)28 (25.7)9 (23.7)19 (26.8)0.726
Ethanol abuse (%)9 (8.3)1 (2.6)8 (11.3)0.119
Hypertension (%)68 (62.4)25 (65.8)43 (60.6)0.591
Diabetes (%)12 (11)8 (21.1)4 (5.6)0.014
Hypercholesterolemia (%)45 (41.3)17 (44.7)28 (39.4)0.592
Cardioembolic etiology (%)51 (46.8)15 (39.5)36 (50.7)0.292
Baseline NIHSS store10 (6–18.5)10.5 (7.0–19.25)10 (6–18)0.610
Prebolus glycemia (mg/dL)107.57 ± 21.76114.81 ± 20.96103.70 ± 210.010
Insulin levels (mU/L)7.47 ± 10.1913.01 ± 15.764.50 ± 1.850.003
Leukocyte (×103/µL)7.96 (6.23–9.09)8.69 (7.04–9.56)7.10 (5.76–8.73)0.007
Platelet (×103/µL)202 (164–234)206 (175–236)195 (162–230)0.298
Admission systolic BP (mmHg)147.81 ± 23.84151.42 ± 20.26145.88 ± 25.490.250
Admission diastolic BP (mmHg)78.44 ± 14.0380.60 ± 13.5777.28 ± 14.220.240
ASPECTS10 (9.25–10)10 (9–10)10 (9.75–10)0.970
  • Data are mean ± SD, n (%), or median (interquartile range), as appropriate.