Table 1

Subject characteristics

LGIHFP*
n4745
Age (years)34.0 ± 4.132.4 ± 4.50.062
Prepregnancy BMI (kg/m2)23.9 ± 4.424.1 ± 5.70.837
Ethnicity (%)
 Asian59.655.60.697
 Caucasian31.940.00.419
 Others8.54.40.430
Week of gestation at diagnosis26.1 ± 4.026.0 ± 4.30.951
Family history of type 2 diabetes (%)
 Maternal23.420.00.692
 Paternal21.333.30.194
Week of gestation at start of intervention29.0 ± 4.029.7 ± 3.50.410
75-g OGTT results (mmol/L)
 Fasting4.6 ± 0.54.7 ± 0.70.279
 1 h9.4 ± 1.49.7 ± 1.60.501
 2 h8.6 ± 1.28.0 ± 1.30.024
Nulliparous (%)61.764.40.785
  • Data are mean ± SD except for ethnicity, family history of type 2 diabetes, and nulliparous, which are expressed as percentages. OGTT, oral glucose tolerance test.

  • *P values calculated by one-way ANOVA for continuous variables and Pearson χ2 for categorical variables. P < 0.05 indicates statistical significance.