Table 4

Pregnancy outcomes by diet group

LGIHFP*
nValuenValue
Gestational age (weeks)4739.1 ± 0.14539.2 ± 0.10.552
Birth weight (kg)473.3 ± 0.1453.3 ± 0.10.619
Birth weight centile4752.5 ± 4.34552.2 ± 4.00.969
LGA (%)4712.8454.40.157
Small for gestational age (%)4710.6458.90.778
Macrosomia (%)472.1456.70.286
Infant head circumference (cm)4334.4 ± 0.23934.6 ± 0.30.478
Infant length (cm)4749.7 ± 0.34549.7 ± 0.30.995
Ponderal index (kg/m3)4727.2 ± 0.34527.0 ± 0.40.614
Maternal weight gain (kg)4411.9 ± 0.74313.1 ± 0.90.305
 Below target (%)31.825.60.520
 Within target (%)43.232.60.307
 Above target (%)25.041.90.095
Insulin treatment (%)4753.24565.10.251
Final daily insulin dose (units)4717.7 ± 4.14320.0 ± 3.80.676
Emergency caesarean (%)4420.54411.60.263