Table 1

Maternal characteristics of the study cohort of 84 women with GDM

Maternal characteristicWhole group (N = 84)Male infant (n = 42)Female infant (n = 42)
Gestation at delivery (weeks)39.3 ± 1.139.3 ± 1.039.4 ± 1.2
Maternal age (years)32.5 ± 4.832.8 ± 5.032.3 ± 4.6
Maternal BMI (kg/m2)28.2 ± 7.728.1 ± 6.428.3 ± 8.8
Number of women overweight (BMI 25–30)22 (26.2)13 (31.0)9 (21.4)
Number of women obese (BMI >30)28 (33.3)15 (35.7)13 (31.0)
Nulliparous42 (50)23 (55)19 (45)
Gestational weight gain (kg)12.0 ± 6.111.8 ± 5.712.3 ± 6.8
Ethnicity
 White57 (67.9)30 (71.4)27 (64.3)
 Indian8 (9.5)4 (9.5)4 (9.5)
 Other*12 (14.3)5 (11.9)7 (16.7)
 Unrecorded7 (8.3)3 (7.1)4 (9.5)
Smokers5 (5.9)3 (7.1)2 (4.8)
Insulin therapy20 (24)11 (26)9 (21)
Metformin therapy6 (7.1)5 (11.9)1 (2.4)
GTT fasting (mmol/L)4.88 ± 0.654.95 ± 0.724.80 ± 0.55
GTT 2 h (mmol/L)9.01 ± 1.089.06 ± 0.858.95 ± 1.28
Gestation at diagnosis (weeks)27.8 ± 4.927.7 ± 5.427.9 ± 4.3
Treatment commenced (weeks)29.2 ± 4.829.2 ± 5.329.2 ± 4.4
Mean fasting BGL (mmol/L)4.96 ± 0.475.01 ± 0.464.90 ± 0.49
Mean postprandial BGL (mmol/L)6.06 ± 0.526.06 ± 0.496.06 ± 0.55
  • Data are mean ± SD or n (%). GTT, glucose tolerance test.

  • *Other ethnicities (n) include Aboriginal (3), Filipino (2), Maori (2), Malaysian (1), Solomon Islander (1), Vietnamese (1), Chinese (1), and Afghani (1).