Table 2

Infant characteristics of the whole study cohort and according to sex of the infant

Infant characteristicWhole group (N = 84)Male infant (n = 42)Female infant (n = 42)
Birth weight (g)3,536 ± 5133,592 ± 5053,481 ± 521
Mean birth weight z score0.436 ± 1.0840.420 ± 1.0540.451 ± 1.126
Birth weight <10th percentile3 (3.6)1 (2.4)2 (4.8)
Birth weight >90th percentile16 (19.0)9 (21.4)7 (16.7)
Birth weight >4,000 g14 (16.7)9 (21.4)5 (11.9)
Fat free mass (g)2,889 ± 3292,943 ± 3142,835 ± 340
Infant percent body fat12.1 ± 4.3*11.6 ± 4.4*12.7 ± 4.1*
Infant percent body fat >90th percentile21 (25.0)*12 (28.6)*9 (21.4)*
  • Data are mean ± SD or n (%).

  • *Indicates significantly different to that in infants born to normal-weight, nondiabetic women (12).