Table 9

Summary of glycemic recommendations for many nonpregnant adults with diabetes

Preprandial capillary plasma glucose70–130 mg/dL* (3.9–7.2 mmol/L)
Peak postprandial capillary plasma glucose†
  • Goals should be individualized based on*

    • ○ duration of diabetes

    • ○ age/life expectancy

    • ○ comorbid conditions

    • ○ known CVD or advanced microvascular complications

    • ○ hypoglycemia unawareness

    • ○ individual patient considerations

  • More- or less-stringent glycemic goals may be appropriate for individual patients

  • Postprandial glucose may be targeted if A1C goals are not met despite reaching preprandial glucose goals

<180 mg/dL* (<10.0 mmol/L)
  • †Postprandial glucose measurements should be made 1–2 h after the beginning of the meal, generally peak levels in patients with diabetes.