Table 4

Fully adjusted model by age-groups

Age-group <6 yearsAge-group 6 to <13 yearsAge-group 13 to <18 years
OR (99% CI)OR (99% CI)OR (99% CI)
Registry
 T1DX vs. DPV1.31 (0.69–2.49)0.92 (0.74–1.15)1.20 (1.01–1.42)*
 NPDA vs. DPV1.29 (0.61–2.74)0.77 (0.60–1.00)*0.79 (0.66–0.95)*
Sex
 Female vs. male0.79 (0.47–1.32)1.25 (1.04–1.49)*1.28 (1.11–1.48)*
Type 1 diabetes duration
 >3 vs. 1 to <3 years0.91 (0.50–1.67)1.16 (0.94–1.43)1.00 (0.82–1.22)
Minority
 Yes vs. no1.18 (0.64–2.17)1.24 (1.00–1.53)*1.29 (1.09–1.54)*
HbA1c
 7.5 to <9.0% vs. <7.5%1.59 (0.82–3.10)2.26 (1.72–2.95)*3.54 (2.53–4.96)*
 ≥9.0% vs. <7.5%4.89 (2.20–10.87)*6.46 (4.80–8.69)*13.71 (9.93–18.94)*
BMI
 Underweight vs. normal weight2.58 (0.15–45.57)0.86 (0.23–3.29)1.46 (0.74–2.85)
 Overweight vs. normal weight1.18 (0.66–2.10)1.17 (0.94–1.44)0.92 (0.78–1.09)
 Obesity vs. normal weight0.89 (0.42–1.89)0.88 (0.67–1.17)0.82 (0.66–1.03)
Method of insulin delivery
 Pump vs. injection2.12 (1.15–3.90)*1.32 (1.08–1.61)*0.80 (0.68–0.94)*
  • Models adjusted for registry, sex, type 1 diabetes duration, minority status, HbA1c category, BMI category, and pump use.

  • *P < 0.01.