Table 2

Linear regression analysis examining relation between offspring adiposity and maternal gestational OGTT glucose and cord C-peptide concentrations

Dependent variables
Offspring BMI z scoreOffspring sum of skinfolds*
Simple regressionAdjusted modelSimple regressionAdjusted model
FPG0.31 (0.14, 0.48)
(n = 1,317)−0.00 (−0.17, 0.17)
(n = 1,316)0.040§ (0.016, 0.064)
(n = 1,311)0.009 (−0.015, 0.032)
(n = 1,310)
1-h PG0.02 (−0.01, 0.06)
(n = 1,316)−0.02 (−0.06, 0.01)
(n = 1,315)0.003 (−0.002, 0.008)
(n = 1,310)−0.001 (−0.006, 0.003)
(n = 1,309)
2-h PG0.03 (−0.02, 0.07)
(n = 1,317)−0.04 (−0.08, 0.01)
(n = 1,316)0.005 (−0.002, 0.012)
(n = 1,311)0.000 (−0.007, 0.006)
(n = 1,310)
AUC PG0.02 (0.00, 0.05)
(n = 1,316)−0.02 (−0.05, 0.01)
(n = 1,315)0.003 (−0.001, 0.007)
(n = 1,310)−0.001 (−0.004, 0.003)
(n = 1,309)
Cord C-peptide0.24 (−0.02, 0.50)
(n = 1,115)−0.06 (−0.15, 0.03)
(n = 1,114)0.035 (−0.003, 0.073)
(n = 1,110)−0.007 (−0.019, 0.005)
(n = 1,109)
  • Data are mean (interquartile range).

  • *log10 transformed.

  • †Adjusted for maternal BMI at OGTT (kg/m2), offspring birth weight z score, age at study (years), and sex.

  • P < 0.001.

  • §P < 0.01.

  • ‖log10 transformed with regression coefficient representing an increase in the dependent variable per 10-fold increase in cord C-peptide concentration.