Table 1

Depressive symptom associations and psychiatric diagnoses and treatments in the medical record

T1D (N = 261)*T2D (N = 339)*
No symptomsSymptomsPNo symptomsSymptomsP
N (%)226 (87)35 (13)264 (78)75 (22)
Age, years13.9 ± 2.114.0 ± 2.10.7315.1 ± 1.915.0 ± 2.10.53
Diabetes duration, years3.2 (2.8, 3.7)3.0 (2.6, 3.6)0.371.7 (0.6, 3.3)1.8 (0.5, 3.1)0.89
Female110 (49)18 (51)0.76172 (65)47 (63)0.69
White139 (62)16 (46)0.0720 (8)6 (8)0.92
BMI >95%17 (15)9 (47)0.002219 (87)61 (86)0.77
Family income <$25,00024 (15)10 (38)0.00681 (45)25 (50)0.55
Parent education ≤HS74 (39)15 (54)0.16180 (73)48 (68)0.39
Psychological problems
 Depression3 (1)5 (14)8 (3)11 (15)
 Anxiety1 (<1)0 (0)2 (<1)3 (4)
 Sleep disorder0 (0)0 (0)3 (1)0 (0)
 Eating disorder1 (<1)0 (0)1 (<1)1 (1)
 Other1 (<1)1 (3)10 (4)7 (9)
Any psychiatric treatment in past year8 (4)3 (9)18 (7)12 (16)
Psychotropic meds in past year1 (<1)1 (3)8 (3)4 (5)
  • Data are mean ± SD, median (interquartile range), or n (%) unless otherwise indicated. HS, high school; meds, medications.

  • *Participants with missing or unknown data by type (T1D/T2D): race/ethnicity (3/3), BMI (130/17), family income (74/110), and parent education (45/21).

  • †Combination of “very elevated,” “elevated,” and “high average” categories.

  • ‡Univariate P value from logistic regression model.