Table 1

Metabolic surgery outcomes by ethnicity in large databases

StudynWeight lossDiabetes remissionComplicationsMortality
Flum et al. (24)4,776NRNRNEDNED
 Bypass, 71.4%Black, 10.9%
 Gastric band, 25.1%Hispanic, 6.1%
Turner et al. (23)18,682NRNRHispanic, 4× acute renal failureNED
 Bypass, 70.3%ECNRBlack, 2.5× PE
 Gastric band, 25.4%Hispanic, 3.1× transfusion
Messiah et al. (21)827% change in BMINRNRNR
 Bypass, 51%Black, 11%White, 11.4
 Gastric band, 49%Hispanic, 14.5%Black, 11.2
Hispanic, 12.7
Coleman et al. (19)20,2693-year % EWLNRNRNR
 Bypass, 58%Black, 18.5%White, 62
 Sleeve, 40%Hispanic, 35%Black, 58
Hispanic, 60
Sudan et al. (20)108,333% change% changeNED
 Bypass, 100%Black, 12%White, 33.6White, 64.7White, 3.19%(0.23–0.26%)
Hispanic, 9%Black, 30.2Black, 58.6Black, 3.65%
Hispanic, 32.4Hispanic, 60.9Hispanic, 2%
  • ECNR, ethnic composition not recorded; NED, no ethnic differences; NR, not recorded; PE, pulmonary embolus.