Table 1

General characteristics of study population according to diabetes status at baseline

MenWomen
Diabetes, n (%)No diabetes, n (%)n total deaths*Diabetes, n (%)No diabetes, n (%)n total deaths*
Age (years)
 50–59318 (31.8)2,225 (41.9)515371 (26.5)3,036 (37.3)482
 60–69504 (31.9)2,562 (28.0)1,098537 (30.8)3,081 (26.6)944
 70–79390 (27.2)1,803 (21.9)1,490428 (30.0)2,293 (23.7)1,555
 80+138 (9.1)745 (8.2)847208 (12.7)1,369 (12.3)1,401
Mean ± SE age65.8 ± 0.463.9 ± 0.267.5 ± 0.365.5 ± 0.2
Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white950 (79.0)5,848 (86.6)3,056903 (70.3)7,652 (85.6)3,322
 Hispanic137 (9.1)509 (5.6)273188 (9.9)650 (5.8)274
 Non-Hispanic black232 (11.9)830 (7.8)545417 (19.8)1,298 (8.6)721
Education
 <HS473 (30.2)1,970 (22.7)1,475686 (40.7)2,588 (23.5)1,739
 HS626 (48.0)3,480 (48.5)1,776696 (47.5)5,451 (56.9)2,148
 >HS251 (21.8)1,885 (28.8)699162 (11.8)1,740 (19.6)495
BMI (kg/m2)
 <25308 (22.1)2,407 (31.8)1,517373 (25.2)4,395 (46.6)2,099
 25 to <30585 (42.7)3,485 (47.7)1,718496 (32.2)3,197 (32.9)1,298
 ≥30455 (35.2)1,427 (20.5)708641 (42.6)1,993 (20.5)900
Prevalent ADL277 (20.6)909 (11.1)842475 (29.0)1,555 (14.9)1,341
Prevalent IADL245 (17.5)779 (9.6)770417 (25.5)1,326 (12.6)1,262
Prevalent mobility loss204 (15.2)537 (6.4)572404 (25.5)1,165 (11.2)1,059
Cardiovascular disease
 High blood pressure814 (59.7)2,853 (36.9)1,9111,080 (68.4)4,030 (38.6)2,476
 Heart disease485 (34.6)1,618 (20.1)1,405485 (31.7)1,512 (14.6)1,312
 Stroke168 (12.6)471 (5.7)494181 (11.3)546 (5.4)547
 Arthritis743 (53.3)3,283 (41.4)2,0771,084 (69.0)5,594 (54.6)2,920
 Lung disease105 (8.2)549 (6.6)505140 (9.2)623 (6.0)523
Entered nursing home after baseline24 (1.8)92 (1.2)52 (3.2)281 (2.9)
  • All data are self-reported, except death, which is reported by proxy, friend, or family and confirmed with the National Death Index. Dashes indicate cell size too small to report for confidentiality. HS, high school.

  • *Died prior to end of the study.