Table 2

Incidence (annual % and 95% CI) of major sources of morbidity affecting disability-free life-years among U.S. men and women with and without diabetes

MenWomen
DiabetesNo diabetesDiabetesNo diabetes
Disability incidence
 Severe mobility loss3.3** (3.0, 3.6)1.7 (1.6, 1.8)5.0** (4.6, 5.4)2.6 (2.4, 2.7)
 IADL3.5** (3.2, 3.8)2.2 (2.1, 2.4)4.9** (4.6, 5.3)2.7 (2.5, 2.8)
 ADL3.8** (3.5, 4.1)2.3 (2.2, 2.4)5.1** (4.8, 5.5)2.9 (2.8, 3.0)
Mortality rate4.1** (3.8, 4.4)2.8 (2.7, 2.9)4.0** (3.8, 4.3)2.4 (2.3, 2.5)
Disability remission*
 Severe mobility loss19.7** (17.6, 21.9)23.4 (21.7, 25.1)19.2 (17.3, 20.8)20.9 (19.8, 22.0)
 IADL22.1 (20.2, 24.0)23.5 (22.3, 24.8)16.7** (15.1, 18.2)18.3 (17.0, 19.5)
 ADL22.0** (20.3, 23.7)25.3 (23.9, 26.6)18.6** (17.3, 19.9)22.4 (21.3, 23.5)
  • All models were adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, and sex.

  • *Estimated among people with incident disability.

  • **P value <0.001 between those with and without diabetes within sex.