Table 3

Changes in behavioral outcomes at the postintervention and 6-month postintervention follow-up visits

Enhanced UCDECIDE Self-StudyDECIDE IndividualDECIDE Group
Postintervention6 months postinterventionPostintervention6 months postinterventionPostintervention6 months postinterventionPostintervention6 months postintervention
Health Problem-Solving Scale0.97 (0.45), P < 0.050.41 (0.14), P < 0.011.38 (0.45), P < 0.010.59 (0.14), P < 0.0011.67 (0.46), P < 0.0010.55 (0.14), P < 0.0012.03 (0.45), P < 0.0010.39 (0.14), P < 0.01
Diabetes and CVD knowledge1.07 (0.36), P < 0.010.28 (0.12), P < 0.051.02 (0.36), P < 0.010.61 (0.11), P < 0.0011.67 (0.37), P < 0.0010.61 (0.12), P < 0.0010.94 (0.36), P < 0.010.40 (0.12), P < 0.001
General diet*1.02 (0.29), P < 0.0010.20 (0.09), P < 0.050.57 (0.28), P < 0.050.15 (0.08), P = 0.070.54 (0.29), P = 0.070.22 (0.09), P < 0.051.44 (0.29), P < 0.0010.32 (0.09), P < 0.001
Specific diet*0.85 (0.29), P < 0.010.28 (0.09), P < 0.010.17 (0.29), P = 0.550.20 (0.09), P < 0.050.90 (0.30), P < 0.010.16 (0.10), P = 0.090.93 (0.29), P < 0.010.32 (0.09), P < 0.001
Exercise*0.41 (0.38), P = 0.280.19 (0.12), P = 0.110.98 (0.38), P < 0.050.31 (0.12), P < 0.01−0.14 (0.39), P = 0.730.04 (0.12), P = 0.730.42 (0.38), P = 0.28−0.09 (0.12), P = 0.44
Blood glucose testing*0.69 (0.35), P < 0.050.16 (0.12), P = 0.170.40 (0.34), P = 0.240.03 (0.12), P = 0.790.56 (0.35), P = 0.110.41 (0.32), P < 0.011.41 (0.35), P < 0.0010.12 (0.12), P = 0.32
  • Results from linear mixed-effects models (baseline to postintervention and baseline to 6 months postintervention) adjusted for age, education, and PHQ-2 score. Data are presented as β coefficient (SE), P value.

  • *Subscales from the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Scale.