Table 1

Participant characteristics (N = 104)

Age (years)
 Mean (SD)56.6 (9.2)
 Range29–87
Sex
 Female64.4 (67)
 Male35.6 (37)
BMI, mean (SD)35.7 (7.8)
Hispanic ethnicity (n = 93)26.9 (25)
Education level (n = 103)
 Less than high school diploma17.5 (18)
 High school diploma16.5 (17)
 Some college34.0 (35)
 College degree19.4 (20)
 Some graduate school or degree12.6 (13)
Yearly family income (n = 98)
 <$10,00018.4 (18)
 $10,000–14,99914.3 (14)
 $15,000–24,99919.4 (19)
 $25,000–49,99928.6 (28)
 $50,000–99,99918.4 (18)
 $100,000–149,9991.0 (1)
Years since diagnosis (n = 102), mean (SD)12.5 (9.3)
Baseline A1C, mean (SD)
 Percentage7.8 (1.6)
 Millimoles per mole61.2 (17.1)
Prescribed insulin38.5 (40)
MDD diagnosis based on the MINI (n = 103)
 Current7.7 (8)
 Past12.5 (13)
Total diabetes distress, mean (SD)2.3 (1.2)
Clinically significant diabetes distress46.2 (48)
Emotional burden2.5 (1.5)
Total PHQ-9 score, mean (SD)5.9 (5.6)
 Screened positive21.2 (22)
 Somatic symptoms3.4 (2.9)
 Cognitive-affective symptoms2.5 (3.1)
Total MADRS score, mean (SD)10.1 (9.0)
 Somatic symptoms3.5 (3.5)
 Cognitive-affective symptoms6.6 (6.3)
Self-reported medication adherence
 Percentage-based ratings, mean (SD)83.7 (21.9)
 Categorical ratings
  Very poor0 (0)
  Poor6.7 (7)
  Fair8.7 (9)
  Good19.2 (20)
  Very good27.9 (29)
  Excellent37.5 (39)
  • Data are presented as percentage (n) unless otherwise indicated.