Table 1

General characteristics of T2D-met+, T2D-met, and ND participants among community-dwelling Colombian adults

GroupP*
T2D-met+T2D-metNDT2D-met+ vs. T2D-metT2D-met+ vs. NDT2D-met vs. ND
n141484
Age (years)50 ± 1044 ± 947 ± 90.110.330.24
Sex (F/M)0.360.500.430.700.830.84
Anthropometry
 BMI (kg/m2)31.88 ± 4.6332.15 ± 6.3631.11 ± 4.530.980.560.62
 Body fat (%)0.41 ± 0.050.41 ± 0.030.40 ± 0.040.960.680.58
 Waist circumference (cm)104.6 ± 9.8102.8 ± 14.2102.0 ± 11.30.700.390.85
Clinical parameters
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL)178 ± 51208 ± 44187 ± 300.110.540.10
 HDL (mg/dL)40 ± 1138 ± 644 ± 120.770.210.0136
 LDL (mg/dL)105 ± 35128 ± 39115 ± 280.110.310.26
 VLDL (mg/dL)38 ± 4052 ± 5231 ± 150.190.640.0471
 Apolipoprotein B (mg/dL)102 ± 30108 ± 3097 ± 260.560.550.18
 Triglycerides (mg/dL)176 ± 202244 ± 253154 ± 750.150.970.07
 Fasting glucose (mg/dL)127 ± 47145 ± 7690 ± 100.570.00470.0060
 HbA1c [% (mmol/mol)]6.9 ± 1.4 (52.0 ± 15.3)7.1 ± 1.7 (54.0 ± 18.6)5.6 ± 0.3 (38.0 ± 3.3)0.780.00260.0047
 Fasting insulin (µU/mL)22.24 ± 12.5824.24 ± 12.8615.20 ± 8.790.490.110.0029
 Insulin resistance index2.9 ± 1.53.7 ± 3.01.9 ± 1.10.390.04200.0018
 Leptin (ng/mL)7.39 ± 6.098.34 ± 5.407.89 ± 6.140.380.910.25
 Adiponectin (µg/mL)4.59 ± 1.974.96 ± 3.226.79 ± 3.900.910.01950.07
 hs-CRP (mg/L)2.70 ± 2.533.35 ± 2.764.04 ± 5.020.610.210.62
Dietary intake
 Energy intake (calories)1,843 ± 2681,865 ± 5841,945 ± 5720.750.610.57
 Carbohydrate (g)250 ± 37260 ± 86267 ± 880.920.520.68
 Protein (g)74.7 ± 9.169.7 ± 13.174.1 ± 13.80.260.850.26
 Fat (g)60.7 ± 13.060.2 ± 21.362.9 ± 17.10.640.760.51
 Cholesterol (mg)336 ± 31330 ± 41347 ± 380.670.280.18
 Dietary fiber (g)17.9 ± 4.818.6 ± 6.417.5 ± 4.80.880.730.64
Stool consistency [n (%)]0.380.580.50
 Hard4 (28)2 (14)13 (15)
 Normal8 (57)9 (64)54 (64)
 Mushy2 (14)1 (7)13 (15)
 Diarrheic0 (0)2 (14)4 (5)
  • Values presented as mean ± SD.

  • *All P values from t tests except in sex and stool consistency (χ2 tests).