Table 1

Subject demographics

CharacteristicAAb controlAAb relativeSingle AAb+Two AAb+Three AAb+New-onset T1DEstablished T1DT2D
Total number of subjects8791652113722818
Sex
 Female41 (47.1)41 (45.1)42* (65.6)6 (28.6)7 (53.8)33 (45.8)19 (67.9)9 (50.0)
 Male46 (52.9)50 (54.9)22* (34.4)15 (71.4)6 (46.2)39 (54.2)9 (32.1)9 (50.0)
Ethnicity
 Caucasian59 (67.8)54 (59.3)41 (63.1)14 (66.7)9 (69.2)51 (70.8)20 (71.4)7 (38.9)
 Black/African American10 (11.5)19 (20.9)9 (13.8)4 (19.0)1 (7.7)9 (12.5)2 (7.1)2 (11.1)
 Hispanic/Latino7 (8.0)16 (17.6)10 (15.4)2 (9.5)3 (23.1)9 (12.5)4 (14.3)8 (44.4)
 Other/unknown11 (12.6)2 (2.2)5 (7.7)1 (4.8)0 (0.0)3 (4.2)2 (7.1)1 (5.6)
Age (years)21.6 ± 10.322.4 ± 12.127.0 ± 13.822.6 ± 11.418.8 ± 12.712.4 ± 4.520.1 ± 11.048.3 ± 16.3
Weight (kg)60.9 ± 22.963.9 ± 29.970.0 ± 30.157.1 ± 20.361.6 ± 24.249.3 ± 20.958.7 ± 17.995.3 ± 24.2
Height (m)1.6 ± 0.21.6 ± 0.21.6 ± 0.21.6 ± 0.21.6 ± 0.21.6 ± 0.51.6 ± 0.21.6 ± 0.1
BMI (kg/m2)22.1 ± 5.024.6 ± 7.026.9 ± 8.220.7 ± 3.824.4 ± 5.620.8 ± 6.023.8 ± 4.035.9 ± 10.0
Diabetes duration (years)NANANANANA0.1 ± 0.18.9 ± 11.04.8 ± 5.8
  • Data are n (%) or mean ± SD unless otherwise indicated. Information is presented for AAb control subjects, AAb relatives, patients with new-onset T1D, patients with established T1D, AAb+ subjects without diabetes, and patients with T2D. NA, not applicable; T1D, type 1 diabetes; T2D, type 2 diabetes.

  • *For one single-AAb+ subject, biological sex was not known.

  • †Provision of height and weight information was voluntary; therefore, these data are not available for all study subjects.