Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study population included in the analysis

Intervention group: PLGM ONControl group: PLGM OFF
N4749
Age (years)
 Mean (SD)12.8 (2.52)13.1 (2.71)
 Median12.013.0
 Min, max8.0, 18.08.0, 18.0
Sex, number (%)
 Female22 (46.8)32 (65.3)
 Male25 (53.2)17 (34.7)
Height (cm)
 Mean (SD)156.8 (12.72)157.7 (14.88)
 Median159.7159.8
 Min, max126.9, 184.4131.0, 190.0
Weight (kg)
 Mean (SD)50.1 (13.98)53.5 (16.43)
 Median50.151.5
 Min, max24.6, 77.526.0, 84.0
BMI (kg/m2)
 Mean (SD)20.0 (3.54)21.0 (4.10)
 Median19.521.2
 Min, max14.4, 29.215.2, 32.7
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)
 Mean (SD)112.9 (12.85)111.5 (12.15)
 Median114.0112.0
 Min, max85.0, 142.082.0, 143.0
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)
 Mean (SD)68.0 (11.43)66.1 (9.90)
 Median69.067.0
 Min, max39.0, 88.047.0, 97.0
Heart rate (bpm)
 Mean (SD)82.6 (13.03)81.4 (13.66)
 Median81.080.0
 Min, max60.0, 120.060.0, 120.0
Temperature (°C)
 Mean (SD)36.7 (0.24)36.7 (0.27)
 Median36.736.7
 Min, max36.0, 37.336.2, 37.4
Screening HbA1c
 Mean (SD) in % [mean in mmol/mol]7.8 (0.92) [62]7.5 (0.79) [58]
 Median, % [mmol/mol]7.7 [61]7.5 [58]
 Min, max, %5.8, 9.86.1, 9.6
Total daily insulin dose/weight (units/kg)
 Mean (SD)0.8 (0.26)0.8 (0.19)
 Median0.80.8
 Min, max0.3, 1.70.5, 1.3
Basal-to-bolus ratio
 Mean (SD)0.8 (0.33)0.9 (0.55)
 Median0.80.7
 Min, max0.2, 1.50.4, 4.1
  • One hundred percent of included subjects were of Caucasian ethnicity. bpm, beats per minute; max, maximum; min, minimum.