Table 2

Incidence of diabetes complications and all-cause death by diabetes duration and period of enrollment

Duration of diabetesPeriod of enrollment
2000–20032004–20062007–20092010–2012
AMI, incidence (per 1,000 person-years [95% CI])
 ≤2 years1.31 (0.70–2.48)1.49 (1.00–2.21)1.86 (1.48–2.35)1.85 (1.58–2.18)
 3–5 years3.56 (2.54–5.00)2.40 (1.87–3.08)2.33 (1.91–2.85)2.17 (1.86–2.54)
 6–8 years2.86 (1.87–4.37)2.94 (2.28–3.78)3.26 (2.64–4.03)3.21 (2.69–3.84)
 9–11 years5.40 (3.77–7.75)4.10 (3.22–5.22)4.15 (3.33–5.16)3.82 (3.12–4.68)
 12–14 years4.57 (2.90–7.22)4.94 (3.78–6.46)3.92 (3.00–5.13)5.24 (4.29–6.40)
 ≥15 years8.68 (6.75–11.18)6.83 (5.76–8.12)7.19 (6.12–8.44)5.76 (4.94–6.71)
Stroke, incidence (per 1,000 person-years [95% CI])
 ≤2 years6.97 (5.27–9.25)7.07 (5.90–8.49)5.74 (5.03–6.56)4.09 (3.67–4.57)
 3–5 years7.35 (5.80–9.32)8.18 (7.15–9.37)7.12 (6.36–7.98)4.86 (4.38–5.40)
 6–8 years10.32 (8.25–12.92)9.43 (8.19–10.86)9.33 (8.23–10.58)6.86 (6.07–7.74)
 9–11 years10.58 (8.18–13.71)10.43 (8.97–12.14)11.31 (9.91–12.90)8.73 (7.65–9.97)
 12–14 years11.37 (8.51–15.21)12.00 (10.11–14.24)12.58 (10.83–14.61)7.63 (6.47–9.00)
 ≥15 years13.53 (11.06–16.56)13.99 (12.42–15.75)14.01 (12.50–15.70)10.13 (9.04–11.34)
ESRD, incidence (per 1,000 person-years [95% CI])
 ≤2 years4.44 (3.16–6.27)4.19 (3.32–5.28)4.03 (3.45–4.71)3.48 (3.10–3.91)
 3–5 years5.57 (4.27–7.26)6.69 (5.78–7.74)5.53 (5.25–6.70)4.47 (4.02–4.97)
 6–8 years8.40 (6.60–10.71)10.06 (8.81–11.49)8.91 (7.87–10.10)7.24 (6.46–8.12)
 9–11 years12.79 (10.18–16.08)13.00 (11.39–14.83)12.95 (11.49–14.60)9.72 (8.61–10.98)
 12–14 years19.31 (15.54–24.00)17.12 (14.89–19.69)14.89 (13.02–17.02)14.09 (12.53–15.84)
 ≥15 years25.75 (22.35–29.67)29.25 (27.01–31.68)25.96 (23.94–28.14)22.46 (20.86–24.17)
All-cause death, incidence (per 1,000 person-years [95% CI])
 ≤2 years8.72 (6.82–11.15)10.03 (8.64–11.65)10.55 (9.58–11.61)8.32 (7.72–8.97)
 3–5 years13.42 (11.31–15.92)12.00 (10.77–13.38)12.58 (11.57–13.67)10.54 (9.84–11.29)
 6–8 years11.91 (9.73–14.59)14.90 (13.37–16.60)14.50 (13.16–15.98)14.29 (13.17–15.50)
 9–11 years16.95 (13.92–20.66)17.71 (15.83–19.80)18.56 (16.81–20.50)17.56 (16.05–19.22)
 12–14 years18.25 (14.64–22.78)21.26 (18.79–24.07)21.68 (19.43–24.19)19.68 (17.84–21.71)
 ≥15 years29.03 (25.46–33.11)28.03 (25.89–30.36)31.74 (29.54–34.10)26.55 (24.84–28.38)