Table 1

Participant demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics (N = 471)

% (n) or mean ± SD (range)
Demographics
 Female sex62 (294)
 Age, years15.7 ± 1.9
 Country of birth, Australia93 (436)
Clinical characteristics
 Diabetes duration, years6.9 ± 4.2
 Insulin regimen, pump53 (249)
 HbA1c, self-reported, mmol/mola66 ± 17
 HbA1c, self-reported, %a8.2 ± 1.6
 HbA1c ≤58.0 mmol/mol (7.5%)a38.7 (163)
 SMBG checks per day4.7 ± 2.1
  ≥4 checks per day75.4 (356)
Behavioral constructs
 Strengths (DSTAR-Teen)33.4 ± 8.5 (10–48)
 Depressive symptoms (PHQ-A total)6.8 ± 6.0 (0–24)
   <10 in PHQ-A75.2 (354)
 Anxiety symptoms (GAD-7 total)5.9 ± 5.3 (0–21)
   <10 in GAD-776.9 (362)
 Family conflict (DFCS-R items)3.4 ± 1.0 (1–5)
 General QOL (MY-Q item)6.8 ± 2.0 (0–10)
   ≥7 in MY-Q65.0 (306)