Table 1

Characteristics of individuals with no diabetes, incident diabetes, and prevalent diabetes

Included in the study populationPrevalent diabetes (excluded)
Diabetes freeIncident diabetes
Number (n)2,38268532
c-f PWV* (m/s)9.90 (8.63–11.46)10.95 (9.76–12.70)***11.23 (9.63–13.05)
Age (years)71.94 (±5.54)70.96 (±6.05)72.66 (±5.30)
Heart rate (bpm)62.58 (±9.82)62.11 (±9.10)64.32 (±10.82)
MAP (mmHg)95.57 (±10.51)99.46 (±12.24)**95.84 (±10.76)
Waist (cm)90.24 (±11.62)96.21 (±11.85)***97.65 (±12.40)
Smokers, n (%)234 (9.8)7 (10.3)45 (8.5)
Use of antihypertensive drugs, n (%)1,151 (48.3)49 (72.1)***422 (79.3)
FPG (mmol/L)5.71 (±0.60)6.39 (±0.70)***7.75 (±2.07)
2-h post-OGTT plasma glucose (mmol/L)6.68 (±1.87)9.09 (±2.59)***10.46 (±3.71) (n = 235)
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.43 (±0.90)3.29 (±0.87)2.84 (±0.92)
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.47 (±0.44)1.27 (±0.39)***1.28 (±0.38)
Triglycerides* (mmol/L)0.90 (0.70–1.20)1.20 (0.90–1.60)***1.10 (0.80–1.5)
FH+ father, n (%)174 (7.3)9 (13.2)73 (13.7)
FH+ mother, n (%)223 (9.4)14 (20.6)**111 (20.9)
  • Values expressed are means (±SD) unless specified otherwise.

  • *Median (25–75%).

  • **P < 0.01;

  • ***P < 0.001, statistically significant difference in incident group with diabetes from group without diabetes.

  • †Some individuals have missing data regarding these covariates. FH+, family history–positive.