Table 3

Incidence of diabetes in relation to tertiles (T1–T3) of c-f PWV (n = 2,450)

T1T2T3P for trendP/SD
Number of participants808831811
Incidence of diabetes, n (n per 1,000 person-years)13 (3.54)21 (5.70)34 (9.47)
Model 111.73 (0.85–3.54)3.41** (1.63–7.14)0.001<0.001
Model 211.83 (0.88–3.80)3.24** (1.51–6.97)0.0020.001
Men
 Number of participants263295347
 Incidence of diabetes, n (n per 1,000 person-years)4 (3.39)8 (6.18)16 (10.73)
 Model 111.78 (0.52–6.10)3.16 (0.90–11.06)0.0590.027
 Model 211.38 (0.39–4.80)2.37 (0.65–8.62)0.1510.089
Women
 Number of participants545536464
 Incidence of diabetes, n (n per 1,000 person-years)9 (3.62)13 (5.44)18 (9.01)
 Model 111.74 (0.72–4.18)3.61** (1.44–9.09)0.006<0.001
 Model 212.05 (0.83–5.05)3.44* (1.30–9.10)0.0120.004
  • Model 1 is adjusted for age, sex, MAP, and average heart rate measured at the carotid artery. Model 2 is adjusted for age, sex, MAP, average heart rate measured at the carotid artery, waist circumference, smoking habits, FPG, LDL cholesterol, and antihypertensive drug medication.

  • *P < 0.05;

  • **P < 0.01. P for trend, P value for trend across tertiles; P/SD, P value per one SD increment of c-f PWV.