Table 1

Baseline characteristics of patients with and without diabetes

Total populationPatients with diabetesPatients without diabetesP value*
No. of patients1,8103841,426
Age (years)63.5 ± 14.867.1 ± 11.162.3 ± 15.5<0.001
Male sex1,153 (64)223 (58)930 (65)0.01
BMI25.1 ± 4.927.1 ± 6.324.6 ± 4.5<0.001
Medical history
 Myocardial infarction714 (39)188 (49)526 (37)<0.001
 Coronary revascularization390 (22)108 (28)282 (20)<0.001
 Heart surgery (not CABG)237 (13)38 (10)199 (14)0.04
 Heart transplantation9 (0.5)1 (0.3)8 (0.6)0.69
 Waiting for heart transplantation35 (2)4 (1)31 (2)0.15
 HF888 (49)184 (48)704 (49)0.61
 Rhythm or conduction disorder445 (25)83 (22)362 (25)0.13
 Hypertension590 (33)184 (48)406 (29)<0.001
HF
 Etiology of HF<0.001
  Ischemic origin845 (47)239 (62)606 (42)
  Nonischemic origin965 (53)145 (38)820 (58)
 Atrial fibrillation at admission391 (22)75 (20)316 (22)0.27
 LVEF>0.05
  Preserved522 (29)122 (32)400 (28)
  Moderately depressed427 (24)91 (24)336 (24)
  Severely depressed861 (48)171 (44)690 (48)
  • Data are n (%) or mean ± SD unless otherwise indicated. CABG, coronary artery bypass graft.

  • *Comparison between patients with and without diabetes.

  • †Percutaneous coronary intervention and/or CABG.