Table 4

Program costs per event avoided by RAMP-DM intervention

End pointsNo. of observed eventsARR (%)NNTProgram costs (USD) per event avoided by RAMP-DM intervention
RAMP-DM (N = 8,570)Usual care (N = 8,570)No. of events avoidedBase caseRange of sensitivity analysis
Any complication1,3152,4551,14013.3081,304525–1,673
 CVD1,0572,05499711.6391,413591–1,882
  AMI2405292893.37304,8881,969–6,273
  Other IHD3879245376.27162,6071,050–3,346
  Heart failure2916934024.69213,4221,378–4,391
  Stroke4457272823.29304,8881,969–6,273
 ESRD3916963053.56284,5631,838–5,855
 STDR481741261.476811,0814,464–14,219
All-cause death6821,8301,14813.4071,141459–1,464
  • AMI, acute myocardial infarction; ARR, absolute risk reduction; ESRD, end-stage renal disease; IHD, ischemic heart disease; STDR, sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.